Water Softener – Owning, Maintaining, Sizes and, Features

Hard water can cause some hair and skin issues. Traditional water softening methods are not only ineffective but also take some time to use. The best way to address hard water is to have a water softener installed. Based on a home’s requirements, this could be a whole house or point of the use type. This machine works by replacing sodium ions with magnesium and calcium to soften the water. Soft water has different household purposes and could, therefore, keep hair and skin safe.

Inspect the Salt Level

The first step to maintaining a water softener is to inspect the salt levels. This is because as the salt level decreases, water begins to become hard. Checking salt levels regularly can prevent the usual hard water problems. While the rule of thumb is to inspect salt levels every 4 to 6 weeks, the frequency may vary based on the type of equipment and level of hardness, among several other factors.

Examine the Salt Bridges

When a water softener is used regularly, a layer of the hardened salt bridge may be seen in the brine tank. Salt bridges are sometimes caused by the poor quality salt used, humidity or high temperature. When salt bridges are present, this prevents the product’s resin beads from regenerating. That being said, it is crucial to inspect the brine tank and have it cleaned regularly to prevent salt bridges from building up inside. However, this should be done carefully since improper cleaning can damage the water softener’s walls.

Clean the Brine Tank

Nowadays, the brine tank in water softeners seldom requires cleaning. It is best, though, to make sure that it is cleaned occasionally to avoid experiencing any issues. Before the brine tank is cleaned, it is important to go over the user manual to know the proper way to clean the tank. For the product to work efficiently, it is best to have the brine tank cleaned every six to twelve months.

Check the Water Purifier regularly

It is not enough to check the salt levels. It is also crucial to check at the softener’s condition every three to four months. This is since the water softener’s brine tank can have an excessive accumulation of salt. Bridging, as it is also known, prevents salt from coming in contact with water. This gets in the way of cleaning the resin bed, hindering the process.

Use the Right Kind of Salt

A lot of people just use the old salts they see at home for their water softener. For the best outcome, they need to use the right salt rather than any old salt available at home. The two kinds of ideal salts that can be used for this purpose are Cubes and Crystal. Most softeners make use of cube salts but it is best to go over the manual to determine the kind of salt that will match the machine.

Flush the Resin Bed

Resin beds should be recharged with salt regularly. The resin bed can also be flushed every once in a while with the use of a water softener cleaner. The product becomes less efficient when iron, heavy metals as well as other organic compounds are present. To maintain its efficiency, it is advisable to clean the resin bed occasionally.

Sizes and Features of a Water Softener

The two things that make a conventional water softener different from another are the size and features.


If you are going to buy or rent a water purifier, it is important to choose one of the appropriate sizes. You will want to decide on a softener that can cope with your household demands but not necessarily that large or expensive. The issue is not the physical size but its ability to get rid of the “hardness” minerals from the water with no regular regeneration.

Softeners come in different sizes, which are measured by the number of grains of water hardness that can be removed between regeneration. It is recommended to purchase or lease a unit that can last for a minimum of three days between recharges. Preferably, the softener will be able to manage periods of larger-than-usual water usage.

To compute the water softener size needed by your family, multiply the number of people living in your home by 75, which is the average number of gallons that every person uses daily to find the total amount of water used by your household each day. Then, multiply it by the grains per gallon or mpg of hardness minerals in water to know the softener capacity required for the entire house.

Features and Controls

Before you lease or buy a water softener, learn more about its controls and features. For instance, examine the controls the regeneration cycles, the duration of every cycle, and the amount of salt and water required for recharging. Keep in mind, however, that fully automatic types also require occasional salt refilling. Though there are many different methods used to control the cycles, there are two main types:

Water softener timer controls.

The unit is automatically recharged by clocks/electronic timers at a fixed schedule, depending on your average use. However, this type may be insufficient if you have an abnormally large water usage on a particular day. Also, sodium and water are wasted since they regenerate even if you need or don’t need recharging. This usually takes place during the early morning.

Softener DIR controls

This more sophisticated method also referred to as demand-initiated regeneration or DIR, can sense if the resin requires recharging, whether electronically or using a meter that computes and measures used. A DIR system lets you save on salt and regeneration water since it will not recharge except when needed. Additionally, it is best for unusually large usage of water.

Finding the Best Softener Company

Ask for two quotes. Make sure that both have the same considerations as the level of service, regeneration cycle, type of controls plus a warranty on the control valve, and resin tank.

It is best to decide on an established company so you will receive a quality product guaranteed by a company that has been in the business for quite some time.

Check if you need a plumber to install it or if this requires a specialized factory worker. Check the monthly fee to maintain the softener. Some companies offer a service wherein they regularly replace worn-out units with charged ones. This is a good service if you stay in an area where they recycle wastewater from sewers for municipal water usage since sodium may be seen as a pollutant.